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What is an EORI Number?

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What are UK & EU Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) numbers?

Businesses and individuals use these numbers for identification when exchanging info with customs authorities.

Do you need one?

If you are a seller importing and storing stock into the UK or EU you will need one. From 1/1/2021 you also need an EORI to move goods between UK/EU – if you are a UK/EU seller partner using FBA to fulfil orders in both UK/EU you will require EORI starting GB to move to/from UK and EU EORI to move to/from EU.

One EU EORI number will be sufficient for all EU countries.

Please see below a simple table showing potential shipment routings and what EORI numbers you will need to successfully clear through customs.

Shipment routing EORI Requirements for importers
UK into EU UK and EU EORI
EU into UK UK and EU EORI

You should ensure you have the relevant EORI numbers in place before shipping as without them your freight forwarder or customs broker will not be able to clear your goods until the EORI number is in place. This could add significant storage charges to your shipment so check with your partners before shipping if there is any doubt.

You can apply for UK/EU EORI numbers yourself through the links below. Alternatively some tax agents and freight forwarders may offer a service.

To obtain GB EORI number– www.gov.uk/eori

To obtain EU EORI visit EU Commission at – www.ec.europa.eu and search EORI. You can apply for your EORI number directly from customs website of any EU member state

What will you need to obtain an EORI number?

You should be prepared to provide:

  • VAT numbers and registration dates, displayed on VAT reg certificate
  • NI number if registering as a sole trader or private individual
  • Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR)
  • Business start date and standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code.
  • For UK sellers, government gateway account number


Please contact our team if you need more information or help.